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Benjamin Rush Portal

A new way to explore Dr. Rush: Founding Father, Declaration of Independence Signer, Revolutionary War Surgeon General, Mental Health & Addiction Innovator, founder of Dickinson & Penn Med, & savior of the friendship between John Adams and Thomas Jefferson

A Rush-Curious Collaboration

Inspired by “Rush: Revolution, Madness & the Visionary Doctor Who Became a Founding Father” by Stephen Fried (UPenn Class of 1979)

Rush: Revolution, Madness & the Visionary Doctor Who Became a Founding Father by Stephen Fried


  • UPenn Libraries: Biotech Commons & Kislak Special Collections
  • Library Company of Philadelphia
  • Massachusetts Historical Society: Lyman Butterfield Collection
  • Duke University Special Collections
  • Princeton University Press
  • Philadelphia Area Consortium of Special Collections Libraries
  • American Philosophical Society
  • College of Physicians
  • Founding Content Creators: Barbara Cavanaugh, Mitch Fraas, Stephen Fried
  • Founding Designer: Yen Ho

From the Biomedical Library

From Veterinary Library

Penn Resources

For those with access to Penn Libraries, these sources are for you!

Outside Sources

Rush's Publications From the National Library of Medicine's PubMed Central

The list of publications below were based on the search in PubMed. They were mostly letters from Benjamin Rush himself. The search method behind the results found on PubMed was searching "Rush B[Author]" and narrowing down the search by publication date. After narrowing the dates from 1745 to 1813, 9 publications were found!

First Scans from the Rush Digital Project!!

Follow this link to see the first available scans of Rush’s lecture notes from his courses at the University of Pennsylvania, where he taught the first 3000 physicians trained in the US! These are part of the groundbreaking “For the Health of the New Nation” project, which is digitizing early medical documents from Philadelphia institutions. These are from the Library Company of Philadelphia, where the main Benjamin Rush papers are held: over 20,000 pages of notes from 241 bound volumes have been scanned by the Kislak Center for Special Collections at Penn.

The digitization of this material is funded by the Council on Library and Information Resources.

From the Penn Museum Library

From the Library at the Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies