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Try these strategies to refine and enhance your search results…
More or Less Specific Queries
smart phone will give you much different results than iPhone 4S
- Use a less specific phrase. Sometimes, expanding your query will bring in more of what you’re looking for.
animals with hooves retrieves more than ungulates
- Use quotation marks. If you want to search for a specific phrase or name, put it “in quotes.”
Include or Exclude Terms
- Use (+) to make sure a specific term is in the results of your search.
“Ben Franklin” + printing
- Use (–) to exclude a certain term.
“Ben Franklin” – electricity
- Use both (+) and (-) to further refine.
“Ben Franklin” + printing – electricity
Try a Subject Search
Try a “Subject” search to find all resources about a particular subject.
- Use parentheses and brackets around your search terms to combine them.
[ “cats” AND (black AND fat NOT grumpy) ]
- Use the capitalized words AND, OR, and NOT to refine your search.
E.g., AND, NOT
- Use (*) at the end of a phrase to bring in all possible endings for that phrase.
E.g., Smit* will return results for Smith and Smithson.