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Critical Writing Program: Howl: The Poem that Changed America: Research Tools

Finding Reviews

Scholarly Journal Article Search Engines (library databases)

Background Resources

These resources provide contextual information.

Reading a Citation


Article citations have a journal/periodical title in addition to the article title. They will usually also show a volume and issue number.

  • Ostriker, A. & Ginsberg, A. (1997). "Howl" Revisited: The Poet as Jew. The American Poetry Review, 26(4), 28-31.

Book citations generally show a publisher and a city of publication. Book chapters will include the title of the chapter as well as the name of the book.

  • Raskin, J.  (2004). American Scream: Allen Ginsberg's Howl and the Making of the Beat Generation. Berkely: University of California Press.

Finding Articles

PennTextIf you have a complete article citation, or even just a journal title, you can use the PennText article finder on the Library homepage.

To find the full-text of an article, enter the journal name into the PennText article finder. A pop-up box will give you options to access the article online, in print, or the option to request through interlibrary loan.

Finding Books

If your citation is a book, use Franklin, the Library catalog. Franklin will help you find the library in which the book is located, and the call number. 

You can search for a specific book by title, author, or ISBN. You can also do a keyword or subject keyword search to find books on a particular topic. 


Resources for locating books:

Book not at Penn? Request it from another library using BorrowDirect or EZ-Borrow

Keyword Searching Worksheet

Subject Guide

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Sam Kirk
(215) 898-0316


Chat with a librarian

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Penn Online Research Tutorial

Online guide to working with topics, finding information, and more.

Van Pelt Library

There are lots of resources available on the Van Pelt Library homepage.