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HSOC 4528-301 : Race and Medicine in America: Home

Finding Journal Articles

These databases will identify journal articles and books on race and medicine in the United States. Look for PennText links to locate fulltext.

Medical Databases

Reference Sources

Handbooks provide chapter-length summaries of specific issues within a broader topical work. They will have good bibliographies.

Bibliographies are lists of works organized around a topic, sometimes with annotations.

Literature reviews are a handy way to get quickly into the scholarly literature. A typical literature-review article will provide a narrative that identifies and describes dozens of journal articles and books.

Finding Books

Franklin Catalog lists the millions of books, journal titles, and other materials in Penn Libraries collections. Franklin Catalog uses Library of Congress subject headings to describe books. You will see patterns in these useful subject headings:

Health services accessibility
Social medicine (i.e., Medical sociology!)
Medical policy
Medical geography
Medical anthropology
Public health--Anthropological aspects

Health and race
Health--Social aspects

Ethnic groups--Health and hygiene--United States
Minorities--Medical care
Minorities--Health and hygiene
African Americans--Medical care
African American women--Medical care
Poor--Health and hygiene
Poor--Medical care
Transcultural medical care

Racism in social services
Racism in public welfare
Discrimination in medical care
Medically underserved areas

Equality--Health aspects

Human experimentation in medicine
Sickle cell anemia--Patients--United States
Asthma--Social aspects

You can combine subject headings using Franklin Catalog's Subject Heading Keyword Search, with OR for combining synonyms and AND for combining concepts. Some examples:

("african american" OR "african americans") AND "human experimentation"

(racism OR discrimination) AND ("medical care" OR "health and hygiene")

Dissertations are book-length works that may become tomorrow's published books and journal articles. Dissertations often reproduce survey questionnaires, interview transcripts, and other primary source material. They're also a GREAT source for literature reviews.

Narrowing down your book search results

If your Franklin:Catalog search results are overwhelming, there are some subject heading phrases that might help you maintain control. Plug these into your Keyword Expert searching with ... AND ....

Conditions and aspects

attitudes economic conditions
health aspects history
intellectual life legal status
moral and ethical aspects social aspects
social conditions social life and customs
politics and government public opinion
psychology psychological aspects
religion religious aspects
religious life

Methodologies and sources

methodology anecdotes
autobiography case studies
correspondence cross-cultural studies
diaries interviews
longitudinal studies newspapers
personal narratives statistics
surveys testing


... in advertising ... in art
... in literature ... in mass media
... in motion pictures ... in popular culture
influences study and teaching

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