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Historical Maps: Citing Maps

This Historical Maps guide contains information on how to find maps of various regions and periods throughout history and introduces you to tools to help you create visual representations of historical data using those maps.


Citing Maps

Static Map from Website

FORM: Author. Map Title. Scale. "Title of Website." Date created/published. <url> (date accessed).

EXAMPLE: Visscher, Claes Janszoon. Leonis Belgici. Scale not given. "David Rumsey Map Collection." 1611. <;qvq=sort:Pub_List_No_InitialSort,Pub_Date,Pub_List_No,Series_No;lc:RUMSEY~8~1&mi=8&trs=60081&sort=Pub_List_No_InitialSort,Pub_Date,Pub_List_No,Series_No&cic=RUMSEY~8~1&widgetType=detail&nsip=1&nsip=1> (Accessed June 8, 2015).

Map in a Book or Atlas

FORM: Map author. Map Title. Scale. In: Book/Atlas author. Book/Atlas Title. Edition. Place of Publication: Publisher, Date, Page.

EXAMPLE: Thera Fresco. Scale not given. In: Harley, J.B. & Woodward, David. The History of Cartography: Cartography in Prehistoric, Ancient, and Medieval Europe and the Mediterranean. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987, Plate 3.

Map in a Periodical Article

FORM: Map author. Map title. Scale. In: Article author. "Article Title," Journal Title, Volume (Date): page.

EXAMPLE: Gough Map of Britain. Scale not given. In: Lilley, Keith D., Christopher D. Lloyd, and Bruce M. S. Campbell. "Mapping the Realm: A New Look at the Gough Map of Britain (c.1360)," Imago Mundi: The International Journal for the History of Cartography, 61:1 (2009): 29.

Single Sheet Maps

FORM: Author. Title. Edition. Scale. Place of publication: Publisher, Date.

EXAMPLE: Prakash, Om. Kingdom of Shivaji. Scale ca. 1:1,875,000. Delhi: All India Educational Supply Co., 1986.

Manuscript Maps

FORM: Author. "Title". Scale. Date. Collection, records or papers to which the manuscript belongs. Name of repository, Location. Library reference designation

EXAMPLE: University of Pennsylvania. "University of Pennsylvania campus plan, circa 1796-1802.". Scale not given. ca. 1796-1802. Manuscript collection. Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, Philadelphia. Ms. Oversize 45

You may also want to check out North Carolina State University's Guide to Citing Maps

* adapted from Kollen, C., Shawa, W., & Lasgaard, M. (2010). Cartographic citations: A style guide (Second ed.). Chicago: American Library Association.

† includes maps originally found in books/atlases, periodicals, manuscripts, and sheet maps now found on websites