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Implementation Science Resources for the Health Sciences: Home
What is Implementation Science
"Implementation science is the study of methods that influence the integration of evidence-based interventions into practice settings."
Per the Fogarty International Center, "Implementation science is the study of methods to promote the integration of research findings and evidence into healthcare policy and practice. It seeks to understand the behavior of healthcare professionals and other stakeholders as a key variable in the sustainable uptake, adoption, and implementation of evidence-based interventions."
For an interactive online tutorial introducing the fundamental principles and terminology of Implementation Science, Click here
Implementation Science Resources from the Penn Libraries
The online version of the Handbook of Health Services Research is in the format of a dynamically updated knowledge base, offering search tools, cross-referencing across chapters and linking to supplement data, other major reference works and external articles. The Handbook of Health Services Research is accessible at the level of graduate students even if it is not their focus area. This includes students with various backgrounds: medicine, public health, statistics, economics, management or information technology
This resource, Implementation Science at a Glance, is intended to help practitioners and policy makers gain familiarity with the building blocks of implementation science. Developed by our team and informed by our ongoing collaborations with practitioners and policy makers, Implementation Science at a Glance introduces core implementation science concepts, tools, and resources.
Transforming Nursing Through Knowledge by Doris Grinspun
Publication Date: 2018-01-01
Transforming Nursing Through Knowledge leaves no stone unturned, allowing readers to gain a full understanding of a nurse's role in developing, using, and evaluating the impact of knowledge tools in healthcare. (ebook forthcoming)
The Handbook on Implementation Science provides an overview of the field's multidisciplinary history, theoretical approaches, key concepts, perspectives, and methods. By drawing on knowledge concerning learning, habits, organizational theory, improvement science, and policy research, the Handbook offers novel perspectives from a broad group of international experts in the field representing diverse disciplines. The editors and contributors seek to advance implementation science through careful consideration of current thinking and recommendations for future directions. Featured key concepts include strategies, context, outcomes, fidelity, adaptation, and sustainability. Chapters introduce topics, define them, and explain their application in implementation science with examples that resonate with a diverse readership including implementation researchers, instructors, students, and practitioners with experience in the field ranging from novices to experienced scholars.
This study examined how health services research connects with practice and policy, first by investigating whether successful research projects continued in their test settings and
engendered replication and then by examining whether a coherent body of research helped shape public policy. Chronic heart failure (CHF) was studied because randomized, controlled trials of posthospital CHF disease management have repeatedly demonstrated patient benefits and reduced costs, yet this practice has not become standard in the United States
J Am Geriatr Soc. 2006 Mar;54(3):535-40.
Isolation of health services research from practice and policy: the example of chronic heart failure management.
Seow H1, Phillips CO, Rich MW, Spertus JA, Krumholz HM, Lynn J.
Society invests billions of dollars in the development of new drugs and technologies but comparatively little in the fidelity of health care, that is, improving systems to ensure the delivery of care to all patients in need. Using mathematical arguments and a nomogram, we demonstrate that technological advances must yield dramatic, often unrealistic increases in efficacy to do more good than could be accomplished by improving fidelity. In 2 examples (the development of anti-platelet agents and statins), we show that enhanced efficacy failed to achieve the health gains that would have occurred by delivering older agents to all eligible patients.
What exactly is translational research? For many, the term refers to the “bench-to-bedside” enterprise of harnessing knowledge from basic sciences to produce new drugs, devices, and treatment options for patients. For this area of research—the interface between basic science and clinical medicine—the end point is the production of a promising new treatment that can be used clinically or commercialized (“brought to market”).
This article summarizes an extensive literature review addressing the question, How can we spread and sustain innovations in health service delivery and organization? It considers both content (defining and measuring the diffusion of innovation in organizations) and process (reviewing the literature in a systematic and reproducible way).
Implementation research is a growing but not well understood field of health research that can contribute to more effective public health and clinical policies and programmes.This article provides a broad definition of implementation research and outlines key principles for how to do it
Recent Implementation Science Publications from Penn Researchers (Pubmed RSS Feed)
This review defines implementation science, distinguishes it from interventional research, explains the importance of frameworks, theories, and models, and reviews study designs used in implementation science research studies.
This review acknowledges that there are many frameworks, theories, and models (FTMs) used in implementation science and establishes a three-part taxonomy of these FTMs: process models, determinant frameworks, and evaluation models.