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A review of a clearly formulated question that uses systematic and explicit methods to identify, select and critically appraise all relevant research, and to collect and analyse data from the studies that are included in the review. (http://www.cochrane.org/faq/general)
Who can use the Systematic Review Service
The Systematic Review (SR) service is open to current Penn and PennMedicine faculty, staff and students. Due to time considerations and library resources, the SR service is not available to non-Penn researchers. There must be at least one Penn faculty member, staff or student, or CHOP staff with a PennKey research affiliation on your review team.
Preparation steps for conducting a Systematic Review
Priority will be given to Systematic Review projects supported by grants or other funds, which contribute to library costs in the budget of the grant proposal, or other time-sensitive projects.
Education-oriented and Advanced Services
The Biotech Commons offers a two-tiered level of service for Systematic Reviews (SR) assistance. Our Education-oriented service provides face-to-face consultations covering the processes and best practices for conducting a systematic review. It is designed to get the researcher started.
In the Advanced service, librarians are considered full team members of the research team and conduct in-depth literature searches, assist with citation management, and write the literature search methodology for the final paper for publication.
For the Basic Service, we can offer:
Consultation on SR process and guidelines.
Assistance on refining research topics and initial search strategies.
Assistance on inclusion and exclusion criteria.
Recommendations for databases and other resources to search.
Advice on identifying controlled vocabulary and keywords.
Advice on citation management methods and tools.
For the Advanced Service, we offer to:
Gather appropriate controlled vocabulary & keywords in conjunction with team members
Conduct literature searches across multiple databases
Advise on gray literature resources
Provide assistance with citation management
Advise on retrieving full-text articles
Refine and update searches
Write the methodology section for publication
Maintain communication with other team members
Schedule a meeting with a librarian to discuss your systematic review project and the service you request.
Systematic Reviews are time intensive requiring a high level of intellectual effort so we recommend involving the librarian early in the SR process. This SR process involves a commitment from both the librarians and other team members. In order to facilitate a successful outcome to the SR process, we require that you provide the following:
Your research question has been defined (in PICO format if appropriate)
Inclusion and exclusion criteria have been considered
A research protocol is in place which includes a timeline as well as desired outcome (published SR, meta-analysis, guideline)
If you request that librarians provide Advanced Systematic Review Service to your team, the responsibilities of both parties defined in the Terms of Agreement for Systematic Review Service are expected to be fulfilled.