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Systematic Reviews: Manage Results

This guide is intended to provide related information for the users who prepare to write systematic reviews.

Citation Management Software

Document Searches

“The search process needs to be documented in enough detail throughout the process to ensure that it can be reported correctly in the review, to the extent that all the searches of all the databases are reproducible.” (Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions)

  •  IOM Standards: Document the search

3.4.1 Provide a line-by-line description of the search strategy, including the date of every search for each database, web browser, etc.

3.4.2 Document the disposition of each report identified including reasons for their exclusion if appropriate

  • The search strategy for electronic databases should be described in detail so that the process could be replicated. The following information should be included each time when a database is searched:

 -Title of database searched (e.g. MEDLINE)

 - Name of the host (e.g. Ovid)

 - Date search was run (month, day, year)

 - Years covered by the search

 - Limits such as language, age, etc. 

  • Record complete search strategies including all terms

Reporting System


PRISMA stands for Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. It is an evidence-based minimum set of items for reporting in systematic reviews and meta-analyses focusing on randomized trials. But PRISMA can also be used as a basis for reporting systematic reviews of other types of research, particularly evaluations of interventions.

PRISMA Flow Diagram - The flow diagram depicts the flow of information through the different phases of a systematic review. Different templates are available, including PRISMA 2020 Flow Diagram

PRISMA 2020 updated guidance


EQUATOR stands for Enhancing the QUAlity of Transparency Of health Research. The international network provides a comprehensive list of reporting guidelines for different types of studies. To investigate the reporting guidelines, go to the EQUATOR page


MOOSE stands for  Meta-analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology. The checklist contains specifications for reporting of meta-analyses of observational studies in epidemiology.

IOM Standards for Systematic Review 

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