Use a research guide from Penn Libraries or Lippincott Library that covers your topic:
Identify an organization that studies your topic. This will often be a government agency, which may have data available for download on their website.
Search a data archive. Archives preserve data for research and reuse. Some are subscription resources, but some are freely available.
Find scholarly articles and identify the author or authors' data sources.
Find relevant statistics and find the data from which they were drawn.