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Christian Missions in Africa: Primary Sources - Mission Records

Purpose of this guide

This research guide page attempts to identify primary-source materials on specific missionary organizations active in Africa, that are available to Penn readers either within the Penn Libraries collections or through Interlibrary Loan/Document Delivery. It is very much a work-in-progress.

Handy lists of missionary organizations and their geographical activity areas are maintained by Yale University's Divinity Library Special Collections.

American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions

A mission of the United Church of Christ and earlier Congregationalist organizations.

American Missionary Association

Primarily a mission for abolition and to education African Americans.

Church Missionary Society - CMS

Originally, Society for Missions to Africa and the East (1799-1812); now, Church Mission Society (1995- ).

Church of the United Brethren in Christ (New constitution)

aka Board of Missions, Sierra Leone.

Evangelische Missionsgesellschaft in Basel (Basel Mission. Evangelical Missionary Society at Basel)

Free Church of Scotland

International Missionary Council & Conference of British Missionary Societies (IMC/CBMS)

Jerusalem and East Mission

London Missionary Society

The London Missionary Society and Commonwealth Missionary Society merged in 1966 as Congregational Council for World Mission. Renamed in 1973 as Council for World Mission (Great Britain).

Methodist Episcopal Church. Missionary Society

Name of the Missionary Society was changed in 1904 to Board of Foreign Missions. In May 1939, the Methodist Episcopal Church, the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, and the Methodist Protestant Church united to form the Methodist Church (U.S.).

Missionaries of the Sacred Heart (Missionnaires du Sacre-Coeur)

Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. Board of Foreign Missions

Société des Missions Évangéliques de Paris (SMEP. Paris Mission)

Southern Baptist Convention. Foreign Mission Board

Sudan United Mission - SUM

Beginning in 1904, SUM worked mainly in Greater Sudan, with missions in Nigeria's Middle Belt and Northern Nigeria and in Sudan. Related missions worked in Chad and Cameroon.

United Presbyterian Church (Scotland). Missions

Universities' Mission to Central Africa

Originally in 1858: Oxford and Cambridge Mission to Central Africa. Became in 1860: Oxford, Cambridge, Dublin and Durham Mission to Central Africa. Merged in 1965 with Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts to become: United Society for the Propagation of the Gospel.

Wesleyan Methodist Missionary Society and related Methodist Missionary Societies

White Fathers (Société des missionnaires d’Afrique. Societas Missionum ad Afros)

Evangelical Lutheran Church in America and predecessor church bodies