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NELC: Citation Best Practices: Home

Why Cite?

When we cite our sources we are acting ethically and  courteously. 

Ethical research practices

When you provide attribution for ideas, quotations, and evidence that you have gathered through reading articles, studying reports, looking at images, listening to music, reading primary and secondary works you are acknowledging, providing credit for, the work of others that you have relied on to build your own arguments and conclusions.

Example: Wikipedia is an open access platform and articles are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike license 3.0

Courtesy to your readers

Your readers will want to follow the path you followed to get to your conclusions. Proper citation lays out a clear map for them to follow. Just as you may follow up on citations that you find in the bibliography to a book or article that you've read. Your readers will also want to this. Your carefully and accurately applied citations and bibliographies will make this easy. 

Image of data table titled "Changes in production of cash crops compared with changes in production of basic food staples, by region 1968-82".

Barbier, Edward B. Cash Crops, Food Crops and Agricultural Sustainability. International Institute for Environment and Development, 1987,


Middle Eastern Studies Librarian

Heather Hughes is your Middle Eastern Studies subject librarian.

You can make an appointment with Heather

Heather Hughes, Middle Eastern Librarian

Librarian for Classical Studies, Ancient History

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Rebecca Stuhr
Van Pelt-Dietrich Library Center 218
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Subjects: Classical Studies
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