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Sociology - Research Guide: Research Tools

A selective guide to reference works in Sociology that goes beyond the basics. Includes dictionaries, encyclopedias, handbooks, guides to the literature, bibliographies, finding books, using indexes, annual reviews, style guides, and other resources.

Style guides and manuals

Citation Management

A research project can generate hundreds of citations from diverse sources. Learn about citation management software that can help you save and organize your citations, as well as automatically generate bibliographies.  Penn Libraries supports the use of two tools: RefWorks and Zotero.

RefWorks - web-based tool for extracting citations from databases and creating bibliographies.

Zotero - free, open source tool for saving citations in your browser, from databases or web sources.

Handbooks on research methods


Directories can provide a subject or name approach to organizations, organizational membership, programs, publications, library collections, subject specialists, and ongoing research.

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